Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over the age of 50. Macular Degeneration is an eye disease that causes changes in the macula, a small area of the retina giving us our central vision. There are 2 types of ARMD a dry (atrophic) form and a wet (exudative) form. The dry form is more common and less vision threatening, but there is currently no effective treatment. The wet form is less common and more vision threatening, but is often treatable. This process can be diagnosed early with comprehensive eye exams and testing.
Some risk factors of ARMD include being Caucasian, those with a family history, obesity, smoking (increases your risk by 2x) and Ultraviolet radiation. To mitigate some of these risk factors quit smoking, wear sun protection, alert your eye doctor of family history and eat fruits and vegetables rich in lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C and E and zinc.